Course Management (When to use which club. Play smart golf and not high risk, high reward v.s. Straight & Short)

Course Management (When to use which club. Play smart golf and not high risk, high reward v.s. Straight & Short)

Sometimes shot selection can be confusing. Knowing which club to use and when can be the difference between a personal best or the worst round ever. Every club is specifically designed for a purpose. 


This is a guide to help golfers improve their course management. 


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Firstly we discuss the different types of clubs and secondly, where to use them when you’re on the course. 





Fairway Woods




In golf, you can use any club anywhere, but it’s essential to know how to manage which clubs to use appropriately. 


Drivers are designed to provide the longest distance and typically are the largest golf clubs. These clubs are mainly used on the tee box.

 (Men’s Average Distance 230 Yards, Women Average Distance 200 Yards) 

Irons are golf clubs that most commonly range from and 9. You will find yourself using an iron if you are less than 200yards from the green. The closer you get to the green, you will find yourself using higher-lofted irons.

(Men’s Average 120-190 Yards, Women’s Average 100-170 Yards)

Fairway Woods are typically used for hitting long shots. You will find yourself using one of these clubs to hit off the tee.  The head of the club is hollow-bodied and is larger than other clubs. Some ask why they are called woods when they are made from metal. The reasoning behind this is that these clubs were made from wood up until the 80s. These clubs have a very low loft between 7-12 degrees, making it great for long-distance but not so great for hitting it high.

(Men’s Average 210 Yards, Women’s Average 180 Yards) 


Hybrids are slowly becoming more and more popular. This club is a combination of fairway wood and an iron length shaft. The usually longer irons 3-4 tend to be replaced with hybrids. Hybrid clubs provide the best of both worlds. 

(Men’s 3-Hybrid 170-220 Yards, Women’s 125-180 Yards)

(Men’s 4-hybrid 160-210 Yards, Women’s 120-170 Yards)

(Men’s 5-hybrid 150-200 Yards, Women’s 140-190 Yards) 



Wedges can be very useful. There are different types of wedge clubs such as (Gap Wedge, Sand Wedge, Lob Wedge & Pitching Wedges) These clubs usually have around 47-60 degrees of loft.

Gap Wedge: This wedge is commonly known as the approach wedge. This club is not known for its distance but has excellent accuracy.

(Men’s Average 100 Yards, Women’s Average 85 Yards) 


Sand Wedge: This wedge is the most commonly used if your ball has ended up in the bunker. The Sand Wedge is the club to use to get you out of the bunker or on a tight lie around the greens.

(Men’s Average 90 Yards, Women’s Average 80 Yards) 


Lob Wedge: Known as one of the shortest hitting clubs that provide the most loft on a shot.  If looking to get your ball up in the air with a lot of spin, this is the club to use. This club is excellent if you want the ball to check on the green or produce spin to put you in a favorable position. This club is most often used for short hazards and other obstructions on the course.

(Men’s Average 65 Yards, Women’s Average 6 Yards) 


Pitching Wedge: A pitching Wedge is used to hit a shot with a higher and shorter trajectory than a 9-Iron and a lower and longer trajectory in comparison to a gap wedge

(Men’s Average 110 Yards, Women’s Average 90 Yards) 



The primary purpose of the putter is to get the ball into the hole. Putters are perfect for your short and low-speed game. Every golf set will consist of a putter. These clubs are usually flat and smaller than other clubs and are used primarily on the green.